Trees experience much harsher living conditions in the city. And they show resilience.
Smog, night light and noise levels, compacted soils, polluted runoff, bark wounds, power lines, pruning, and insects all make a Urban Forest tree's life a daily challenge.
I call this tree the Hippo Tree. The galls form the faces of a momma hippo, a father hippo and baby hippos.
The laurel oak is growing in a healthy manner and show no signs of stress caused by the galls.
Mother Nature is amazingly resilient.